Lessons in precaution: the International Whaling Commission experience with precautionary management

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Title Lessons in precaution: the International Whaling Commission experience with precautionary management
Author Heazle, Michael Andrew
Journal Name Marine Policy
Year Published 2006
Place of publication Oxford, UK
Publisher Pergamon Press
Abstract The precautionary principle (PP) only represents a new approach to managing uncertainty in so far that it requires proponents of an activity or substance to provide evidence that the activity/substance is harmless, as opposed to the more traditional “trial and error” approach that has instead placed the burden of proof that something is harmful on its opponents. This article critiques the PP as a policy making tool for managing uncertainty, focusing on the epistemological problems it raises, before then using the International Whaling Commission's experience with precautionary approaches to wildlife management to demonstrate the principle's limits and weaknesses when applied in a highly politicised policymaking environment. The article concludes that while the PP offers some benefits for managing uncertainty, its vagueness and openness to broad interpretation can also result in its application creating, rather than limiting, risks and uncertainty.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/30453/description#description
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2005.06.015
Volume 30
Issue Number 5
Page from 496
Page to 509
ISSN 0308-597X
Date Accessioned 2006-07-21
Date Available 2009-11-24T05:22:49Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Griffith Asia Institute
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject PRE2009-International Relations
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/14004
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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