Pet therapy and institutionalized elderly: A study on 144 cognitively unimpaired subjects

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Title Pet therapy and institutionalized elderly: A study on 144 cognitively unimpaired subjects
Author Colombo, Giovanni; Buono, Marirosa Dello; Smania, Katya; Raviola, Roberta; De Leo, Diego
Journal Name Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Year Published 2006
Place of publication Ireland
Publisher Elsevier Science Pub. Co.
Abstract The aim of this study was to assess whether a pet therapy program had a favorable effect on psychopathological status and perception of quality of life in cognitively unimpaired institutionalized elderly. Seven elderly rest homes in Veneto Region of Northern Italy participated in the project, which was conducted on 144 cognitively intact elderly residents (97 females and 47 males). The participants were randomly divided into three groups: 48 subjects were given a canary, 43 subjects were given a plant, and 53 subjects were given nothing. The observation period (t0–t1) lasted for 3 months. At time t0 and t1 participants were administered the mini mental state examination (MMSE) to assess their cognitive status, the LEIPAD II-Short Version (LEIPAD-SV), to gauge subjective perception of quality of life in the elderly, and the brief symptom inventory (BSI), for self-evaluation of the presence of psychopathological symptoms. At the end of the 3-month trial, tests were re-administered, without removing the experimental condition. Even if the group that received a plant seemed to benefit from the experience, they did not achieve the same positive results on BSI and quality of life subscales exhibited by the group that received a pet. This study reinforces the hypothesis that pet therapy may have a beneficial effect on the psychological well being of institutionalized elderly, in particular on aspects related to depressive symptoms and perception of quality of life.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.archger.2005.06.011
Volume 42
Issue Number 2
Page from 207
Page to 216
ISSN 0167-4943
Date Accessioned 2007-03-16
Date Available 2008-08-21T23:46:10Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Mental Health
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/14132
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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