Lifetime risk of suicide ideation and attempts in an Australian Community: Prevalence, suicidal process, and help-seeking behaviour.

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Title Lifetime risk of suicide ideation and attempts in an Australian Community: Prevalence, suicidal process, and help-seeking behaviour.
Author De Leo, Diego; Cerin, Ester; Spathonis, Kym; Burgis, Shelley Leanne
Journal Name Journal of Affective Disorders
Year Published 2005
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier BV
Abstract Background The World Health Organisation SUicide PREvention-Multisite Intervention Study on Suicide (WHO/SUPRE-MISS) investigates suicidal behaviours in a number of nations. The feasibility of the different branches of the study was piloted in Queensland, Australia. This paper reports on the community survey component. Method Randomised telephone interviews (n = 11,572) were conducted to determine the lifetime prevalence of suicidal ideation and attempts, and corresponding socio-demographic and cultural characteristics. A subsequent postal survey sent to consenting individuals reporting lifetime suicide ideation/attempt (n = 1311) was meant to ascertain the possible development of that behaviour along a continuum, psychiatric and psychological factors, suicidal transmission, help-seeking, and service utilisation. Results Suicide ideation and attempts prevailed in individuals aged 25–44 years, and declined with increasing age. In most cases, suicidal experience/s did not develop over time with progressively increasing severity. Knowledge of someone else's suicidal behaviour significantly increased the risk of similar acts. Almost half of the subjects contended with their suicidal crisis by over-drinking alcohol, and 1/3 through other forms of reckless behaviour. The ratio completed/attempted suicide was 1 to 23. Less than 30% of subjects went to the hospital after their suicidal behaviour, and treatment received and staff attitudes were rated less favourably than that of General Practitioners. Conclusions This survey provides a reliable picture of suicide ideation and behaviour in the general population. Information on the development of suicidal process, recklessness, and help-seeking attitudes may be valuable for future prevention strategies.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2005.02.001
Volume 86
Issue Number 2-3
Edition 2005
Page from 215
Page to 224
ISSN 0165-0327
Date Accessioned 2006-07-27
Date Available 2010-09-20T06:56:53Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject PRE2009-Preventive Medicine
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/15454
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1a

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