Seated buttock contours: a pilot study of Australian senior high-school students

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Title Seated buttock contours: a pilot study of Australian senior high-school students
Author Tuttle, Neil Alan; Barrett, Rod; Gass, Libby
Journal Name Ergonomics
Editor Roger Halsam
Year Published 2007
Place of publication London, UK
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract Both posture and comfort of a chair are influenced by the contour and characteristics of the seat. Knowledge of seat contours of a student population could thus be useful in the design of school chairs. This study investigated seated buttock contours of senior high school students in order to determine: i) their general characteristics, ii) the effect of gender and sitting posture, and iii) the relationship between the contours and selected anthropometric variables (stature and mass). A contour measurement device was developed and used to measure buttock contours in five sitting postures (typing, sitting up, sitting back, slumping and writing). Buttock contours were quantified by constructing anterior-posterior (AP) and lateral profiles from which six discrete profile dimension measurements were made. AP and lateral profiles were found to have a consistent shape across all participants. Five out of six profile dimensions were significantly different between genders, with just one significantly different between sitting postures (typing and sitting back). Correlations between anthropometric measures and profile dimensions were relatively low (r < 0.34) with no clear patterns evident. Overall results of this study suggest that buttock contours are influenced by gender to a greater extent than sitting posture.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals/titles/00140139.asp
Copyright Statement Copyright 2007 Taylor & Francis. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 50
Issue Number 10
Page from 1593
Page to 1602
ISSN 0014-0139
Date Accessioned 2007-06-27
Date Available 2008-09-25T01:12:38Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Griffith Health Institute; Centre for Musculoskeletal Research
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Biomechanics
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/16481
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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