Greater severity and extent of periodontal breakdown in 136 south Indian human immunodeficiency virus seropositive patients than in normal controls: a comparative study using community periodontal index of treatment needs

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Title Greater severity and extent of periodontal breakdown in 136 south Indian human immunodeficiency virus seropositive patients than in normal controls: a comparative study using community periodontal index of treatment needs
Author K, Ranganathan; KT, Magesh; N, Kumarasamy; Solomon, Suniti; R, Viswanathan; Johnson, Newell Walter
Journal Name Indian Journal of Dental Research
Editor P K Dayal
Year Published 2007
Place of publication India
Publisher Medknow Publications Pvt Ltd.
Abstract Apart from the more or less distinctive forms of periodontal disease associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome there remains considerable uncertainty as to whether or not conventional destructive periodontitis is exacerbated in HIV positive individuals. This is especially so in developing countries, from which few studies have been reported. The present study compared the severity and extent of periodontal breakdown in 136 HIV positive individuals from Chennai, South India, with 136 age-matched controls from the same low socio-economic and ethnic group. All surfaces of all teeth were scored for the community periodontal index of treatment needs (CPITN). Statistical analysis was performed using SPSSTM package. The results of the present study show that CPITN is a simple, useful technique to assess periodontal status in immunosuppressed patients and that periodontitis is associated with immunosuppression and oral candidiasis. The assessment of periodontal status could thus be a useful tool in minimally invasive screening of populations for HIV disease, especially in those parts of the world, like India and Africa, with high prevalence and rising incidence.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.ijdr.in/
Copyright Statement Copyright 2007 Indian Journal of Dental Research. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 18
Issue Number 2
Page from 55
Page to 59
ISSN 0970-9290
Date Accessioned 2007-07-09
Date Available 2008-08-21T02:38:56Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Griffith Health Institute
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Dentistry
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/17559
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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