Frondicola australicus gen. nov., sp. nov., an isolated from decaying leaf litter from a pine forest

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Title Frondicola australicus gen. nov., sp. nov., an isolated from decaying leaf litter from a pine forest
Author Zhang, Li; Xu, Zhihong; Patel, Bharat Kumar
Journal Name International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
Year Published 2007
Place of publication Reading, England
Publisher UK Society of General Microbiology
Abstract An aerobic bacterium, designated strain E1HC-02T, was isolated from the decaying leaf litter of a slash pine forest located in southeast Queensland, Australia. Cells of strain E1HC-02T were short irregular rods (0.5–1.0x0.2–0.4 µm) which stained Gram-positive and possessed a cell-wall ultrastructure which appeared to be made of protein subunits. The novel strain grew optimally in 1 % trypticase soy broth (TSB) at 25 °C and at a pH of 9.1. Strain E1HC-02T metabolized a range of carbohydrates, organic acids and amino acids. The G+C content of the DNA was 71±1 mol% as determined by the thermal denaturation method. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis of strain E1HC-02T showed that it was a member of the family Microbacteriaceae, phylum Actinobacteria. The cell wall contained a type B2beta peptidoglycan, the dominant cellular fatty acid was 18 : 1{omega}7c and the major hydroxy fatty acid was 2-OH 14 : 0. The major menaquinones were MK-8 (76 %) and MK-7 (24 %) and the glycolipids present were disphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol and three unidentified phospholipids. The chemotaxonomic properties of strain E1HC-02T were distinctly different to all of the 17 genera of the family Microbacteriaceae and hence strain E1HC-02T is designated as representing a novel species of a new genus, Frondicola australicus gen. nov., sp. nov. The type strain of the type species is E1HC-02T (=JCM 13598T=DSM 17894T).
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Copyright Statement Copyright 2007 Society for General Microbiology (SGM). Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 57
Page from 1177
Page to 1182
ISSN 1466-5026
Date Accessioned 2008-03-30
Language en_AU
Research Centre Menzies Health Institute Qld; Queensland Micro and Nanotechnology Centre; Environmental Futures Research Institute; Centre for Health Practice Innovation
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject PRE2009-Soil Biology
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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