Preventing violence in seven countries: Global convergence in policies

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Title Preventing violence in seven countries: Global convergence in policies
Author Junger, Marianne; Feder, Lynette; Clay, Joy; Cote, Sylvana; Farrington, David; Freiberg, Kathryn Jeanette; Genoves, Vicente Garrido; Homel, Ross; Losel, Friedrich; Manning, Matthew; Mazerolle, Paul Joseph; Santos, Rob; Schmucker, Martin; Sullivan, Christopher; Sutton, Carole; Yperen, Tom van; Tremblay, Richard
Journal Name European Journal on Criminal Policy and Research
Year Published 2007
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer
Abstract Do governments take the measures that are supported by the best scientific evidence available? We present a brief review of the situation in: Australia, Canada, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Our findings show surprisingly similar developments across countries. While all seven countries are moving towards evidence-based decision making regarding policies and programs to prevent violence, there remain a number of difficulties before this end can be achieved. For example, there continue to be few randomized controlled trials or rigorous quasi-experimental studies on aggression and violence. Results from experimental research are essential to both policy makers and researchers to determine the effectiveness of programs as well as increase our knowledge of the problem. Additionally, all noted that media attention for violence is high in their country, often leading to management by crisis with the result that policies are not based on evidence, but instead seek to appease public outrage. And perhaps because of attendant organizational problems (i.e., in many countries violence prevention was not under the guise of one particular agency or ministry), most have not developed a coordinated policy focusing on the prevention of violence and physical aggression. It is hypothesized that leaders in democratic countries, who must run for election every 4 to 6 years, may feel a need to focus on short-term planning rather than long-term preventive policies since the costs, but not the benefits for the latter would be incurred while they still served in office. We also noted a general absence of expertise beyond those within scientific circles. The need for these ideas to be more widely accepted will be an essential ingredient to real and sustaining change. This means that there must be better communication and increased understanding between researchers and policy makers. Toward those ends, the recent establishment of the Campbell Collaboration, formed to provide international systematic reviews of program effectiveness, will make these results more available and accessible to politicians, administrators and those charged with making key policy decisions.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10610-007-9053-4
Volume 13
Issue Number 3-4
Page from 327
Page to 356
ISSN 0928-1371
Date Accessioned 2008-02-20
Date Available 2010-08-30T07:02:34Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Faculty of Arts
Subject PRE2009-Law, Justice and Law Enforcement
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/18156
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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