Improving Consistency for DIT Results Using Cluster Analysis

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Title Improving Consistency for DIT Results Using Cluster Analysis
Author Herington, Carmel Ann; Weaven, Scott Keith W
Journal Name Journal of Business Ethics
Editor Alex C. Michalos
Year Published 2008
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Springer Netherlands
Abstract ABSTRACT. In this article, cluster analysis is used to explore the conflicting results reported when the Defining Issues Test is used to explain moral reasoning ability in business situations. Using a convenience sample, gender, age, work experience, and ethics training were examined to determine their impact on the level of moral reasoning ability as measured by the Defining Issues Test. Using the whole sample, a significant difference was found for average P scores reported for males and females, but no significant differences were found based on age, work experience, and ethics training. However, the sample fell into distinct clusters that identified distinct male and female groupings. While females naturally fell into two distinct high- and low-moral reasoning ability clusters, male clusters were dominated more by work experience and ethics training. Clearly there are other factors mitigating the level of moral reasoning ability for males which require further exploration. The findings suggest that while the P score provides an initial point of comparison, the real benefit to the test is in exploring what is different for males and females in terms of training needs, and the impact of work experience on the moral reasoning ability, and most importantly, how to make ethics training enticing. Recommendations for future research are also discussed.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI
Volume 80
Issue Number 3
Page from 499
Page to 514
ISSN 0167-4544
Date Accessioned 2009-01-29
Language en_AU
Research Centre Griffith Institute For Tourism
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject PRE2009-Marketing and Market Research
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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