Stress Distribution Characteristics in Dental Implant Influenced by its Wall Thickness

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Title Stress Distribution Characteristics in Dental Implant Influenced by its Wall Thickness
Author Van Staden, Rudi Cobus; Guan, Hong; Loo, Yew-Chaye; Johnson, Newell Walter; Meredith, Neil
Publication Title Futures in Mechanics of Structures and Materials
Editor Thiru Aravinthan, Warna Karunasena, Hao Wang
Year Published 2008
Place of publication London
Publisher CRC Press, Taylor & Francis Group
Abstract This paper aims to evaluate the stress characteristics within the dental implant influenced by different implant wall thicknesses as a result of varying diameters of 3.5 and 5.5mm. A two-dimensional finite element model of the implant and mandibular bone consisting of triangular and quadrilateral plane strain elements is analysed to compute the von Mises stresses in the implant subjected to varied masticatory forces and abutment screw preloads. As expected the implant wall thickness significantly influences the stress magnitude and distribution pattern within the implant. Stress concentrations generally occur at the top of the implant as well as around the notch. When the wall thickness is reduced, stress concentrations are also found around the first external implant thread. The results also show that the masticatory force is more influential on the stress within the implant than the abutment screw preload.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI
Copyright Statement Copyright 2008 Taylor & Francis. This is the author-manuscript version of the paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the website for access to the definitive, published version.
ISBN 978-0-415-49196-9
Conference name The 20th Australasian Conference on the Mechanics of Structures and Materials
Location Toowoomba, Australia
Date From 2008-12-02
Date To 2008-12-05
Date Accessioned 2009-02-16
Language en_AU
Research Centre Menzies Health Institute Qld
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject PRE2009-Biomechanical Engineering
Publication Type Conference Publications (Full Written Paper - Refereed)
Publication Type Code e1

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