The factors associated with body mass index in adults from the study of health in Pomerania (ship-0), Germany

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Title The factors associated with body mass index in adults from the study of health in Pomerania (ship-0), Germany
Author Mack, Florian; Abeygunawardhana, Shiroma Nilmini Wijesekara; Mundt, T.; Schwahn, C.; Proff, P.; Spassov, A.; Kocher, T.; Biffar, R.
Journal Name Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Year Published 2008
Place of publication Poland
Publisher Polskie Towarzystwo Fizjologiczne
Abstract Objective: To investigate the relation between dental status, BMI and systemic diseases and to evaluate the risk factors for having a higher BMI. Materials and Methods: Apopulation based cross sectional study of 6248 subjects aged 18-80 years (response of 68.8%, n=4310) was conducted in the Study of Health in Pomerania (SHIP-0). Socio-demographic, medical and oral health information was recorded by 5 dentists at two similarly equipped medical/dental services in the cities of Greifswald and Stralsund. Bivariate statistics, multivariate statistics, linear and logistic regression models were performed to assess the relationship between following covariates: gender, educational level, family status, social activities, income, quality of life (SF-12), smoking, alcohol abuse, diabetes, renal disease, high blood pressure, dental status and high physical activity. Results: Significant risk factors for subjects having a higher BMI were: high blood pressure (OR=2.28), diabetes (OR=2.10), educational level (low: OR=1.49; medium OR=1.27), male (OR=1.32) and former smoker (OR=1.20). whereas young age, being single and being dentate (natural teeth, replaced teeth or fixed teeth) was shown to be protective for having a "high" BMI. Conclusion: The most important predictors of BMI were shown to be social and medical factors. Dental factors are most significantly influenced by social factors and also exhibit an important impact on BMI.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI
Copyright Statement Copyright 2008 the Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology and the Polish Physiological Society. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 59
Issue Number SUPPL 5
Page from 5
Page to 16
ISSN 0867-5910
Date Accessioned 2009-05-12
Language en_US
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Dentistry
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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