Attentional problems and subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder

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Title Attentional problems and subtypes of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Author Zago, David; Rosoman, Nicholas; Shum, David; O'Callaghan, Michael; Lesley, Anthony
Journal Name Australian Educational and Developmental Psychologist
Editor Terry Bowles
Year Published 2008
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Australian Psychological Society
Abstract This study aimed to compare children with different ADHD subtypes and controls on measures of attention, and to examine the relationships between measures of attention and reading and spelling ability. Thirty-eight children with ADHD and sixteen controls were administered tests of four components of attention (viz., attention span, focused attention, selective attention and shifting attention) and two subtests (viz., reading and spelling) from the WRAT-3. The children with ADHD-Combined subtype were found to show deficits in attention span and focused attention, while the children with ADHD-Inattentive subtype were found to show deficits in shifting attention, and subtler deficits in attention span and focused attention. Measures of attention span were found to be significant predictors of reading ability, and measures of attention span and selective attention were found to be significant predictors of spelling ability. These results suggest that different ADHD subtypes show different patterns of attentional problems that have different neuroanatomical bases. Furthermore, academic problems in children with ADHD may be related to their attentional problems.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1375/aedp.25.2.17
Copyright Statement Copyright 2008 Australian Psychological Society. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 25
Issue Number 2
Page from 17
Page to 33
ISSN 0816-5122
Date Accessioned 2009-03-06
Date Available 2013-05-29T00:11:04Z
Language en_US
Research Centre Behavioural Basis of Health; Griffith Health Institute
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/23357
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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