World-Wide Lightning Location Using VLF Propagation in the Earth-Ionosphere Waveguide

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Title World-Wide Lightning Location Using VLF Propagation in the Earth-Ionosphere Waveguide
Author Dowden, Richard L.; Holzworth, Robert H.; Roger, Craig J.; Lichtenberger, Janos; Thompson, Neil R.; Jacobson, Abram R.; Lay, Erin; Brundell, James B.; Lyons, Thomas J.; O'Keefe, Steven Gregory; Kawasaki, Zen; Price, Colin; Prior, Victor; Ortega, Pascal; Weinman, James; Mikhailov, Yuri; Veliz, Oscar; Qie, Xiush; Burns, Gary; Collier, Andrew; Junior, Osmar Pinto; Diaz, Ricardo; Adamo, Claudia; Williams, Earle R.; Kumar, Sushil; Raga, G. B.; Rosado, Jose M.; Avila, Eldo E.; Clilverd, Mark A.; Ulich, Thomas; Gorham, Peter; Shanahan, Thomas J. G.; Osipowicz, Thomas; Cook, Gregory; Zhao, Yang
Journal Name IEEE Antennas and Propagation Magazine
Editor W Ross Stone
Year Published 2008
Place of publication United States
Publisher IEEE
Abstract Worldwide lightning location (WWLL) using only 30 lightning sensors has been successfully achieved by using only VLF propagation in the Earth-ionosphere waveguide (EIWG). Ground propagation or mixed "sky" and ground propagation is avoided by requiring evidence of Earth-ionosphere waveguide dispersion. A further requirement is that the lightning strike must be inside the perimeter defined by the lightning sensor sites detecting the stroke. Under these conditions, the time and the location of the stroke can be determined, along with the rms errors. Lightning strokes with errors exceeding 30 Ps or To assist with identifying impulses from the same lightning stroke, the lightning sensor threshold is automatically adjusted to allow an average detection rate of three per second. This largely limits detection to the strongest 4% of all lightning strokes, of which about 40% meet the accuracy requirements for time and location.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/RecentIssue.jsp?punumber=74
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/MAP.2008.4674710
Copyright Statement Copyright 2008 IEEE. Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE.
Volume 50
Issue Number 5
Page from 40
Page to 60
ISSN 1045-9243
Date Accessioned 2009-02-24
Date Available 2009-05-15T09:07:33Z
Language en_AU
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Electrical and Electronic Engineering
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/23586
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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