Finite Element Applications in Dental Implantology

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Title Finite Element Applications in Dental Implantology
Publication Title Building a Sustainable Environment
Publisher National Taiwan University
Place of publication Taipei
ISBN 978-986-80222-4-9
Editor Yeong-Bin Yang, Liang-Jenq Leu, Chuin-Shan Chen, Po-Chieh Su
Conference name The 11th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction
Location Taipei
Date From 2008-11-19
Date To 2008-11-21
Convenor Yeong-Bin Yang
Abstract The modern dental implant is a biocompatible titanium device surgically placed into the jawbone to support a prosthetic tooth crown in order to replace missing teeth. Although implants exhibit excellent long-term retention rates (roughly 95% after 5 years), there are significantly more failures in areas where bone quality and density are low, resulting in poor patient outcomes and costing an estimated $AUD15 million per year in Australia. Most failures arise from poor clinical technique and inadequate understanding of the potentially damaging stress characteristics during implant placement and function. This long-term innovative research aims to develop a comprehensive Finite Element Analysis (FEA) procedure to evaluate the performance of the implant-bone system during implantation, as well as the healing, remodelling and maintenance phases of osseointegration. Once these fundamental data are collected, a 'treatment planning database' aimed at optimising patient-specific treatment outcomes will be developed which helps match implants (with specific design features) with the unique characteristics of the patient's bone at the recipient site. This research when fully completed will advance the fundamental understanding of the forces at play during implant placement, healing and function. This could lead to improvements of both clinical technique and treatment planning, ultimately resulting in superior clinical outcome and cost savings. Summarised herein are the research tasks completed to date. They include the evaluation of the stress distributions within: (1) the mandible as influenced by dental implant and bone parameters; (2) the implant with various implant wall thicknesses; (3) the mandible as influenced by Nobel Biocare, 3i and Neoss implant thread designs; (4) the crown for two abutment-crown connection systems; and (5) the mandible during a step-wise implant insertion process. For each of the five research tasks the implant-bone system is analysed using Strand7 FEA System. The analysis results are obtained in some detail and relevant conclusions drawn.
Author Guan, Hong; Loo, Yew-Chaye; Van Staden, Rudi Cobus
Year Published 2008
Citation Yeong-Bin Yang, Building a Sustainable Environment, The 11th East Asia-Pacific Conference on Structural Engineering and Construction, Taipei, 2008-11-19, 2008-11-21,
Publisher URI http://www.ntu.edu.tw/engv4/
Copyright Statement Copyright remains with the authors 2008. The attached file is posted here with permission of the copyright owners for your personal use only. No further distribution permitted. For information about this conference please refer to the publisher's website or contact the authors.
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/24108
Date Accessioned 2009-02-16
Date Available 2009-12-09T07:42:20Z
File Size 1032576 bytes
Mime Type application/pdf
Language en_AU
Publication Type Invited Keynote Addresses at International Conferences

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