Sex differences in empathy and its relation to juvenile offending

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Title Sex differences in empathy and its relation to juvenile offending
Author Broidy, Lisa; Cauffman, Elizabeth; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Mazerolle, Paul Joseph; Piquero, Alex
Journal Name Violence and Victims
Editor Roland Maiuro
Year Published 2003
Place of publication New York, United States
Publisher Springer Publishing Company
Abstract Implicit in most theoretical accounts of sex differences in offending is the assumption that females are less likely than males to engage in crime--especially serious, violent crime--in part because of their comparatively higher levels of concern for others and stronger affiliative ties. Much research suggests that significant sex differences in both empathy and serious offending emerge in adolescence, with females displaying notably higher levels of empathy and males engaging in notably higher levels of serious offending. However, there has been little empirical work assessing the degree to which sex differences in empathy among adolescents can account for sex differences in offending. This research uses data from a sample of adolescents attending public high schools in Philadelphia (n = 425) and a sample of adolescents incarcerated in the California Youth Authority (CYA) (n = 232) to examine the relation between empathy and serious offending. Results suggest that empathy acts as a protective factor for both males and females but that there are subtle differences among males and females in the relation between empathy and offending.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.springerpub.com/journal.aspx?jid=0886-6708
Alternative URI http://www.ingentaconnect.com/content/springer/vav/2003/00000018/00000005/art00002
Copyright Statement Self-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the authors for more information.
Volume 18
Issue Number 5
Page from 503
Page to 516
ISSN 0886-6708
Date Accessioned 2006-07-28
Date Available 2011-09-22T06:49:15Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject PRE2009-Psychology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/24145
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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