A Cluster-Analytic Investigation of MMPI Profiles of Serious Male and Female Juvenile Offenders

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Title A Cluster-Analytic Investigation of MMPI Profiles of Serious Male and Female Juvenile Offenders
Author Espelage, Dorothy L.; Cauffman, Elizabeth; Broidy, Lisa; Piquero, Alex R.; Mazerolle, Paul Joseph; Steiner, Hans
Journal Name Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Editor Mina Dulcan
Year Published 2003
Place of publication Baltimore, United States
Publisher Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
Abstract Objective: To use cluster analysis to identify psychological profiles and related mental health symptoms among male and female juvenile offenders. Method: Juvenile offenders (N = 141) incarcerated in the California Youth Authority completed the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) and the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Version 2 (MAYSI-2). Results: MMPI cluster analysis revealed four distinct profiles: two for male and two for female juvenile offenders. Among males, we identified one Normative cluster with no clinically elevated scores. A second male cluster, labeled Disorganized, exhibited clinical elevations on scales 8 (Schizophrenia), 6 (Paranoia), 4 (Psychopathic Deviate), and 7 (Psychasthenia). Among females, two clinically elevated profiles emerged. One Impulsive-Antisocial cluster consisted of clinical elevations on scale 4 (Psychopathic Deviate), which has been consistently associated with delinquent and antisocial behavior. The second cluster, labeled Irritable-Isolated, produced elevations on MMPI scales 4 (Psychopathic Deviate), 8 (Schizophrenia), 6 (Paranoia), and 7 (Psychasthenia). There were no significant sex, ethnicity, or offense differences across clusters, but the clusters exhibit distinct psychiatric profiles (MMPI) and mental health symptoms (MAYSI-2). Conclusions: The findings indicate that not only do female offenders have more acute mental health symptoms and psychological disturbances than male offenders, they exhibit qualitatively distinct psychiatric profiles. Results reinforce the need for assessment of mental health symptoms for male and female juvenile offenders as well as sex-appropriate treatments.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.CHI.0000046877.27264.F6
Volume 42
Issue Number 7
Page from 770
Page to 777
ISSN 0890-8567
Date Accessioned 2006-07-28
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Faculty of Arts
Subject PRE2009-Personality, Abilities and Assessment
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/24146
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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