Feeding the preterm infant

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Title Feeding the preterm infant
Author McGuire, William; Henderson, Ginny; Fowlie, Peter W
Journal Name British Medical Journal
Year Published 2004
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher BMJ Publishing Group Ltd
Abstract Providing appropriate nutrition for growth and development is a cornerstone of the care of preterm infants. Early postnatal nutrition during this critical period of brain growth may have a substantial impact on clinically important outcomes, including long term neurodevelopment. Preterm infants, especially those who have been growth restricted in utero, have fewer nutrient reserves at birth than term infants. Additionally, preterm infants are subject to physiological and metabolic stresses that can affect their nutritional needs, such as respiratory distress or infection. An international consensus group has recommended nutritional requirements for preterm infants. These recommendations are based on data from intrauterine growth and nutrient balance studies and assume that the optimal rate of postnatal growth for preterm infants should be similar to that of normal fetuses of the same postconception age. In practice, however, these target levels of nutrient input are not always achieved and this may result in important nutritional deficits.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.329.7476.1227
Volume 329
Issue Number 7476
Page from 1227
Page to 1230
ISSN 0959-8146
Date Accessioned 2007-10-19
Language en_AU
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject PRE2009-Nursing
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/26591
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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