Trace heavy metals in fine and coarse aerosols in four major Australian cities.

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Title Trace heavy metals in fine and coarse aerosols in four major Australian cities.
Author Hawas, Olga; Stelcer, Edward; Cohen, David; Chan, Andrew; Simpson, Rod; Denison, Lyn; Wong, Neil; Golding, Gary; Christensen, Elizabeth; Gore, Willy; Hodge, Mary; Comino, Eva; Carswell, Stewart
Publication Title Proceedings of The 17th International Clean Air and Environment Conference
Year Published 2005
Place of publication Australia
Publisher CASANZ
Abstract A study, funded by Department of Environment and Heritage's Living Cities Program, collected samples of both PM2.5 (fine particles) and PM2.5-10 (coarse particles) over a 12-month period during 2003-2004 in Melbourne, Sydney, Brisbane and Adelaide. 24-hour aerosol samples were collected in six-day cycle using dichotomous samplers at two sites from a typical urban and typical suburban monitoring site operated by the state EPA in each city. ANSTO performed gravimetric analysis and accelerator-based ion beam analysis which provided information on F, Na, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, K, Ca, Ti, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Cu, Ni, Zn, Sr, Br and Pb to determine the elemental composition of the aerosols. The overall average concentration of fine particles was 5.6 μg/m3, while PM2.5-10 10 μg/m3. The concentrations of fine particles did not exceed USEPA air quality standards and proposed 24-hour and annual NEPM goal. The elemental composition of PM2.5-10 particles was dominated by Si, Fe, Al, K, Ca, Na and Cl, while black carbon, S, Na and Cl dominated the fine fraction. V, Cr, Ni and Co were below the minimum detection limits in most of the samples. The concentrations of Mn, Cu, Zn and Pb were measured below 0.01 μg/m3 in the coarse particles and below 0.02 μg/m3 in fine aerosols. The measured concentrations of heavy metals exhibit spatial and temporal variations.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI
Copyright Statement Copyright 2005 CASANZ. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Conference name The 17th International Clean Air and Environment Conference
Location Hobart
Date From 2005-05-03
Date To 2005-05-06
Date Accessioned 2006-01-20
Language en_AU
Faculty Faculty of Environmental Sciences
Subject PRE2009-Environmental Sciences
Publication Type Conference Publications (Full Written Paper - Refereed)
Publication Type Code e1

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