Adding Weights to Stretching Exercise Increases Passive Range of Motion for Healthy Elderly

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Title Adding Weights to Stretching Exercise Increases Passive Range of Motion for Healthy Elderly
Author Funk, Daniel Carl; Swank, Ann Marie; Durham, Michael P.; Roberts, Sherri
Journal Name Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Year Published 2003
Place of publication Colorado Springs CO, United States
Publisher National Strength and Conditioning Association
Abstract Stretching exercise is effective for increasing joint range of motion (ROM). However, the Surgeon General's Report and the American College of Sports Medicine cite a lack of studies identifying strategies capable of increasing the effectiveness of stretching exercise. This investigation evaluated adding modest weight (0.45–1.35 kg) to a stretching exercise routine (Body Recall [BR]) on joint ROM. Forty-three subjects ages 55–83 years participated in 1 of 2 training groups, BR, BR with weights (BR+W), or a control group (C). ROM was evaluated at the neck, shoulder, hip, knee, and ankle before and after 10 weeks of exercise. Using ANCOVA, significant differences (p < 0.01) were observed for right and left cervical rotation, hip extension, ankle dorsiflexion, ankle plantar flexion, and shoulder flexion. Post hoc analysis revealed that cervical rotation (left and right), hip extension, and ankle dorsiflexion for BR+W subjects differed significantly from BR and C (p < 0.01). Significant differences with shoulder flexion and ankle plantar flexion were found for both BR and BR+W in comparison to C (p < 0.01). Results indicate that addition of weights enhanced the effectiveness of stretching exercise for increasing joint ROM with 4 of the 6 selected measurements. Thus, a modest intensity exercise program that is within the reach of most elderly may significantly affect joint ROM and flexibility.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI
Volume 17
Issue Number 2
Page from 374
Page to 378
ISSN 1533-4287
Date Accessioned 2006-07-11
Language en_US
Research Centre Griffith Institute For Tourism
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject PRE2009-Exercise Physiology
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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