Why Does Dissimilarity Matter? Exploring Self-Categorization, Self-Enhancement, and Uncertainty Reduction

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Title Why Does Dissimilarity Matter? Exploring Self-Categorization, Self-Enhancement, and Uncertainty Reduction
Author Chattopadhyay, Prithviraj; George, Elizabeth; Lawrence, Sandra Anne
Journal Name Journal of Applied Psychology
Year Published 2004
Place of publication United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Abstract Although relational demographers have based their arguments on self-categorization theory, they have paid little attention to the underlying processes associated with this theory. The authors examined whether demographic dissimilarity affects individuals' identification with groups by affecting the group's prototype valence and clarity and the individual's perceptions of self-prototypicality. The data showed that the proportion of women and non-Australians in 34 work groups negatively influenced prototype valence, prototype clarity, and self-prototypicality for all members of the group. These results provide support for the continued use of self-categorization theory by relational demographers.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.apa.org/journals/apl/
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.89.5.892
Volume 89
Issue Number 5
Page from 892
Page to 900
ISSN 0021-9010
Date Accessioned 2006-07-26
Date Available 2009-12-17T22:32:03Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Work, Organisation and Wellbeing
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject PRE2009-Industrial and Organisational Psychology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/27710
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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