Job strain and determinants in staff working in institutions for people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan: A test of the Job Demand-Control-Support model

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Title Job strain and determinants in staff working in institutions for people with intellectual disabilities in Taiwan: A test of the Job Demand-Control-Support model
Author Lin, Jin-Ding; Lee, Tzong-Nan; Yen, Chia-Feng; Loh, Ching-Hui; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Wu, Jia-Ling; Chu, Cordia Ming-Yeuk
Journal Name Research in Developmental Disabilities
Year Published 2009
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Little is known about the job strain of staff working in disability institutions. This study investigated the staff's job strain profile and its determinants which included the worker characteristics and the psychosocial working environments in Taiwan. A cross-sectional study survey was carried out among 1243 workers by means of a self-answered questionnaire. The outcome variable (high-strain job) was evaluated. The explanatory variables were: worker characteristics and the psychosocial working environment evaluated according to Karasek's Job Demand-Control-Support model. The results show that many staff characteristics were correlated with job strain, such as staff's working hours, age, gender, job title, educational level, religion, in-job training, working years in disability institutions and Effort–Reward Imbalance factors. Organization factors, such as geographical, institutional ownership and accreditation performance and size were also correlated with staff's job strain. In multiple a logistic regression model of the job strain, we found that the factors of financial reward (high compare to low, OR = 0.95, 95% CI = 0.928–0.975), extrinsic effort (high compare to low, OR = 1.072, 95% CI = 1.072–1.158), perceived job stress (sometimes stressful compare to no stress, OR = 2.305, 95% CI = 1.161–4.575; very stressful compare to no stress, OR = 3.931, 95% CI = 1.738–8.893) of the staff were significantly correlated to the high job strain of the staff. An important focus of future research should be extending the findings to consider the factors to affect the high job strain to improve the well-being for staff working for people with intellectual disability
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ridd.2008.02.001
Volume 30
Page from 146
Page to 157
ISSN 0891-4222
Date Accessioned 2009-07-21
Language en_AU
Research Centre Griffith Asia Institute
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject PRE2009-Care for Disabled; PRE2009-Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety; PRE2009-Health Promotion
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/28571
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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