Re-considering child labor: why nineteenth century Australia was different

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Title Re-considering child labor: why nineteenth century Australia was different
Author Bowden, Bradley
Publication Title Best Paper Proceedings of Academy of Management Annual Meeting 2009
Editor George T. Solomon
Year Published 2009
Publisher Academy of Management
Abstract An international revival of child labor has fostered a re-consideration of the theoretical explanations for the phenomenon. New research models have been suggested. Some emphasise supply factors (demography, family income choices). Others highlight demand factors (managerial “productivity-consciousness”, the suitability of children for available work). Despite the variance in explanations, it is widely assumed that the widespread use of child labor is an inevitable feature of modernization. However, the experiences of nineteenth century Australia suggests that we need to be wary in making generalizations based solely upon Western European and North America events. In Australia, many factors - geography, climate, the nature of work, the role of the state in manufacturing – combined to limit demand for child labor. Such structural impediments are unlikely to have been unique to Australia. A consideration of such impediments – and patterns of national variation – is essential to understanding the current spread of child labor.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://meeting.aomonline.org/2009/index.php?
Copyright Statement Copyright 2009 Academy of Management (AOM). The attached file is posted here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher, for your personal use only. No further distribution permitted. Use hypertext link to access the publisher's website.
Conference name 2009 Academy of Management Annual Meeting
Location United States
Date From 2009-08-07
Date To 2009-08-11
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/29287
Date Accessioned 2009-11-12
Date Available 2010-05-24T06:38:52Z
Language en_AU
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject Economic History
Publication Type Conference Publications (Full Written Paper - Refereed)
Publication Type Code e1

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