Critical and supercritical withdrawal from a two-layer fluid through a line sink in a partially bounded aquifer

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Title Critical and supercritical withdrawal from a two-layer fluid through a line sink in a partially bounded aquifer
Author Zhang, Hong; Hocking, Graeme C.; Seymour, Brian
Journal Name Advances in Water Resources
Year Published 2009
Place of publication The Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract The steady response of the interface between two fluids of different density in a bounded aquifer is considered during extraction through a line sink. Both critical and supercritical withdrawals are investigated. An analytical solution is developed to determine the interface location and withdrawal strength for critical withdrawals when only one fluid is pulled into the sink. Supercritical flows are considered in which both fluids are drawn directly into the sink. A boundary integral method is used to calculate the interface location that depends on the supercritical withdrawal rate and the aquifer configuration. It is shown that for each withdrawal rate greater than the critical value, the entry angle of the interface decreases as the withdrawal rate increases. The minimum entry angle depends on the aquifer configuration, i.e., the ratio between the sink height and the impermeable boundary height. The steepest entry angle approaches pi/2, where the interface shape approaches that given by the analytical solution for the critical rate, and the flow rate approaches the critical value. The viscosity ratio of the two fluids affects the effective withdrawal rate G. If the upper fluid is much more viscous than the lower fluid, coning is much less likely.
Peer Reviewed Yes
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Copyright Statement Copyright 2009 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 32
Issue Number 12
Page from 1703
Page to 1710
ISSN 0309-1708
Date Accessioned 2009-11-16
Language en_AU
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Numerical Solution of Differential and Integral Equations; Water Resources Engineering
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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