A Meta-Analysis of the Five-Factor Model of Personality and Academic Performance

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Title A Meta-Analysis of the Five-Factor Model of Personality and Academic Performance
Author Poropat, Arthur Eugene
Journal Name Psychological Bulletin
Year Published 2009
Place of publication United States
Publisher American Psychological Association
Abstract This article reports a meta-analysis of personality–academic performance relationships, based on the 5-factor model, in which cumulative sample sizes ranged to over 70,000. Most analyzed studies came from the tertiary level of education, but there were similar aggregate samples from secondary and tertiary education. There was a comparatively smaller sample derived from studies at the primary level. Academic performance was found to correlate significantly with Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness. Where tested, correlations between Conscientiousness and academic performance were largely independent of intelligence. When secondary academic performance was controlled for, Conscientiousness added as much to the prediction of tertiary academic performance as did intelligence. Strong evidence was found for moderators of correlations. Academic level (primary, secondary, or tertiary), average age of participant, and the interaction between academic level and age significantly moderated correlations with academic performance. Possible explanations for these moderator effects are discussed, and recommendations for future research are provided.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0014996
Copyright Statement Copyright 2009 American Psycological Association. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in the APA journal. It is not the copy of record. Reproduced here in accordance with publisher policy. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 135
Issue Number 2
Page from 322
Page to 338
ISSN 0033-2909
Date Accessioned 2009-11-11
Date Available 2010-07-22T06:53:27Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Work, Organisation and Wellbeing
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject Developmental Psychology and Ageing; Education Assessment and Evaluation; Educational Psychology; Personality, Abilities and Assessment; Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/30324
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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