Testing an explicit and implicit measure of motivation

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Title Testing an explicit and implicit measure of motivation
Author Lawrence, Sandra Anne; Jordan, Peter Jeffrey
Journal Name International Journal of Organizational Analysis
Year Published 2009
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Emerald Group Publishing
Abstract Purpose – This study aims to examine the relationship between an implicit and an explicit measure of motivation and measures of job and life satisfaction to provide a better understanding of workplace motivation. Design/methodology/approach – A survey is to be administered to 113 workers from a broad community sample. The survey contains measures of implicit motivation (multi motive grid-short version, MMG-S) and explicit motivation (needs assessment questionnaire, NAQ), job satisfaction and life satisfaction, and the core self-evaluation scale. Findings – Two types of confirmatory factor analyses allow us to examine the psychometric properties and convergent and discriminant validity between an implicit measure of motivation and an explicit measure of motivation. The data reveals that the implicit motivation variables assessed by the MMG-S are operationally distinct from those assessed by the explicit NAQ. A more detailed analysis reveals poor discriminant validity originating from the MMG-S variables. Regression analyses are conducted to assess the concurrent validity of both measures in influencing job and life satisfaction. Results reveal that although explicit motives are significantly linked to changes in satisfaction, implicit motives are not. Research limitations/implications – The study uses a cross-sectional design and therefore the results may be affected by common method variance. The study uses a convenience sample of workers. Originality/value – This study contributes to the understanding of explicit and implicit measures of motivation and encourages managers consider how they assess the motivation of employees at work.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/19348830910948959
Volume 17
Issue Number 2
Page from 103
Page to 120
ISSN 1934-8835
Date Accessioned 2010-02-10
Date Available 2010-06-29T06:45:47Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Work, Organisation and Wellbeing
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject Organisational Behaviour
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/30614
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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