Urban habitats / nature

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Title Urban habitats / nature
Author Byrne, Jason Antony; Wolch, J.
Book Title International Encyclopedia of Human Geography
Editor Rob Kitchin & Nigel Thrift
Year Published 2009
Place of publication Amsterdam
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract This article considers the discursive and material nature of cities, and nature in cities. Geographers, historians, and some ecologists have destabilized the myth that cities are inherently 'un-natural'. Cities are socionatural assemblages that provide diverse habitats for both human and nonhuman animals and plants alike. This article begins by briefly examining nature in the city. Next it considers the historical theorizing of urban nature–society relations, giving attention to various understandings of how socioeconomically constructed differences and constellations of power mediate the life chances of urban people, animals, and plants. Recent theoretical developments in environmental justice and political ecology are considered through a discussion of key concepts such as urban metabolism, sustainability, ecological cities, and the materiality of nature–society relations in the city. The article also touches on the new animal geography and how ideas about urban nature and animals have influenced geographers' understanding of the nature of urbanism and the patterns and processes of urbanization. The article highlights contemporary challenges of nature–society relations in the city, especially human–animal conflict and coexistence. It concludes by briefly considering new research directions.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/bookdescription.cws_home/722034/description#description
Alternative URI http://www.elsevier.com
Copyright Statement Copyright 2009 Elsevier. Use hypertext link for access to publisher's website.
Volume 12
Chapter Number 774
Page from 46
Page to 50
ISBN 978-0-08-04-4911-1
Date Accessioned 2009-09-12
Language en_AU
Research Centre Environmental Futures Research Institute; Urban Research Program
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Urban and Regional Studies (excl Planning)
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/30848
Publication Type Book Chapters
Publication Type Code b1

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