Balancing the budget of environmental estrogen exposure: the contribution of recycled water

There are no files associated with this record.

Title Balancing the budget of environmental estrogen exposure: the contribution of recycled water
Author Leusch, Frederic; Moore, Michael R.; Chapman, Heather Faye
Journal Name Water Science and Technology
Year Published 2009
Place of publication UK
Publisher IWA Publishing
Abstract Estrogenic endocrine disrupting compounds (e-EDCs) are present in treated sewage and there is concern about estrogenicity of potable recycled water. However e-EDCs are also present in other environmental media and intake from water needs to be considered in relation to these other sources. The concentrations of 13 e-EDCs in foodstuffs and drinking water are reviewed, their predicted concentrations in recycled water are estimated, and the daily estrogenic intake as 17b-estradiol equivalent (EEq) based on both in vitro and in vivo potencies is calculated as 1.39 and 9.65mg EEq/d, respectively. Dietary intake accounts for more than 99.8% of that total, and more than 84.2% is due to phytosterols. Drinking 2 L of recycled water per day is expected to add 0.001 to 0.016mg EEq/d based on in vitro and in vivo potencies, respectively. Exposure to e-EDCs in recycled water is therefore likely to be insignificant compared to current dietary intakes.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI
Alternative URI
Volume 60
Issue Number 4
Page from 1003
Page to 1012
ISSN 0273-1223
Date Accessioned 2010-03-05
Date Available 2010-06-24T05:19:06Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Australian Rivers Institute; Griffith Centre for Coastal Management
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Environmental Science and Management
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

Show simple item record

Griffith University copyright notice