Beyond Risk Factors: Towards a Holistic Prevention Paradigm for Children and Young People

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Title Beyond Risk Factors: Towards a Holistic Prevention Paradigm for Children and Young People
Author France, Alan; Freiberg, Kathryn Jeanette; Homel, Ross
Journal Name The British Journal of Social Work
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Oxford University Press
Abstract Since the mid 1990s early intervention and prevention has become a central feature of public policy across the western world. This development has had a major impact on re-constructing the prevention paradigm in children and youth services. It has been underpinned by the emergence of the science of risk factor analysis (RFA). This paradigm has had mixed success in prevention work but has gained significant political credence and support. While RFA has reshaped prevention approaches it does have methodological and practice limitations. This paper argues for a more holistic approach to prevention policy and social work practice, one that recognises risk but does not allow it to dominate. We explore the growing body of evidence for RFA, outlining both its strengths and weaknesses and show how a more holistic approach can be adopted. We argue that the fundamental focus for analysis and intervention needs to recognise the social and cultural context of developmental pathways, and emphasises needs to be on relations between levels of organisation in a child's or young person's developmental process . We draw on the Australian Pathways to Prevention Programme to illustrate how social work can and should be developed to create more holistic approaches to prevention.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/bjsw/bcq010
Volume 40
Issue Number 4
Page from 1192
Page to 1210
ISSN 0045-3102
Date Accessioned 2010-07-13
Date Available 2010-08-18T07:00:15Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Faculty of Humanities and Social Science
Subject Social Change
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/33581
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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