Exposure to a novel context after extinction causes a renewal of extinguished conditioned responses: Implications for the treatment of fear

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Title Exposure to a novel context after extinction causes a renewal of extinguished conditioned responses: Implications for the treatment of fear
Author Neumann, David Lester; Kitlertsirivatana, Edward
Journal Name Behaviour Research and Therapy
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Renewal gives an experimental model for the relapse of fear symptoms following exposure therapy. While renewal of extinguished fear in humans has been observed following a return to the original context in which fear was acquired (ABA design), it has been more difficult to show upon presentation of a novel context (ABC design). The present experiment used a particularly strong context manipulation in a fear conditioning procedure. Context was manipulated by using large photographs of real environments taken from various angles and was present throughout the entire experiment. A renewal of cognitive expectancy was found in both ABA and ABC renewal designs, although it was larger in the former than in the latter. Response times in making the expectancy judgments increased when there was a change to a new context. The results demonstrate consistency in fear renewal effects between human and animal studies and suggest that relapse following exposure therapy via renewal remains a danger when people encounter a previously feared object in a novel context.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2010.03.002
Copyright Statement Copyright 2010 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 48
Issue Number 6
Page from 565
Page to 570
ISSN 0005-7967
Date Accessioned 2010-08-23
Date Available 2010-09-21T06:58:13Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Behavioural Basis of Health; Griffith Health Institute
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology; Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/34163
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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