Legitimacy Under Military Rule: Burma

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Title Legitimacy Under Military Rule: Burma
Author McCarthy, Stephen Neil
Journal Name Politics & Policy
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell
Abstract Burma has been under direct or indirect military rule for almost half a century. This article blends historical and thematic examinations of the sources of legitimacy relied upon by the Burmese armed forces during this time. These include their role in the battle against ethnic separatist and communist insurgencies, the promotion and defense of Buddhism, the reinvigoration of monarchical traditions, and their claims to economic stewardship and regional integration. Civil unrest on a number of occasions has triggered a reversion to the use of force, followed by the offering of democratic concessions. Yet the generals continue to appeal to nationalism while subverting foreign influences and delegitimizing their opposition. Despite calls for a Burmese form of “disciplined democracy,” the country's need for unity, stability, and independence will likely remain core arguments for a strong central government in the future, demanding the continued presence of the military.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-1346.2010.00248.x
Copyright Statement Copyright 2010 The Policy Studies Organization. Published by Wiley-Blackwell. Self-archiving of manuscripts in institutional repositories is not yet supported by The Policy Studies Organization. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the author for more information.
Volume 38
Issue Number 3
Page from 545
Page to 569
ISSN 1555-5623
Date Accessioned 2010-08-29
Language en_AU
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject Government and Politics of Asia and the Pacific
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/34265
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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