Rape and attrition in the legal process: a comparative analysis of five countries

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Title Rape and attrition in the legal process: a comparative analysis of five countries
Author Daly, Kathleen; Bouhours, Brigitte
Journal Name Crime and Justice
Editor Michael Tonry
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher University of Chicago Press
Abstract Despite legal reforms, there has been little improvement in police, prosecutor, and court handling of rape and sexual assault. In the past 15 years in Australia, Canada, England and Wales, Scotland, and the United States, victimization surveys show that 14 percent of sexual violence victims report the offense to the police. Of these, 30 percent proceed to prosecution, 20 percent are adjudicated in court, 12.5 percent are convicted of any sexual offense, and 6.5 percent are convicted of the original offense charged. In the past 35 years, average conviction rates have declined from 18 percent to 12.5 percent, although they have not fallen in all countries. Significant country differences are evident in how cases are handled and where in the legal process attrition is most likely. There is some good news: a victim's “good” character and credibility and stranger relations are less important than they once were in police or court outcomes. However, evidence of nonconsent (witness evidence, physical injuries to the victim, suspect's use of a weapon) continues to be important.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/653101
Copyright Statement Copyright 2010 by University of Chicago Press. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. First published in Crime and Justice. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 39
Issue Number 1
Page from 565
Page to 650
ISSN 0192-3234
Date Accessioned 2010-11-15
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Faculty of Humanities and Social Science
Subject Criminology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/35271
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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