Public participation and environmental impact assessment: Purposes, implications, and lessons for public policy making

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Title Public participation and environmental impact assessment: Purposes, implications, and lessons for public policy making
Author O'Faircheallaigh, Ciaran S.
Journal Name Environmental Impact Assessment Review
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract In recent years the need to enhance public participation in Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), and the efficacy of alternative mechanisms in achieving this goal, have been central themes in the EIA literature. The benefits of public participation are often taken for granted, and partly for this reason the underlying rationale for greater public participation is sometimes poorly articulated, making it more difficult to determine how to pursue it effectively. The reasons for seeking public participation are also highly diverse and not always mutually consistent. There has been limited analysis of the implications of different forms and degrees of public participation for public decision making based on EIA, and little discussion of how experience with public participation in EIA relates to debates about participation in policy making generally. This paper distinguishes various purposes for public participation in EIA, and discusses their implications for decision making. It then draws on some general models of public participation in policy making to consider how approaches to participation in EIA can be interpreted and valued, and asks what EIA experience reveals about the utility of these models. It argues that the models pay insufficient attention to the interaction that can occur between different forms of public participation; and to the fact that public participation raises issues regarding control over decision making that are not subject to resolution, but must be managed through ongoing processes of negotiation.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI
Volume 30
Issue Number 1
Page from 19
Page to 27
ISSN 0195-9255
Date Accessioned 2010-12-10
Date Available 2011-01-25T02:19:40Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Governance and Public Policy
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject Environmental Science and Management
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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