Explaining the Deterrence Effect of Human Rights Prosecutions for Transitional Countries

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Title Explaining the Deterrence Effect of Human Rights Prosecutions for Transitional Countries
Author Kim, Hunjoon; Sikkink, Kathryn
Journal Name International Studies Quarterly
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
Abstract Human rights prosecutions have been the major policy innovation of the late twentieth century designed to address human rights violations. The main justification for such prosecutions is that sanctions are necessary to deter future violations. In this article, we use our new data set on domestic and international human rights prosecutions in 100 transitional countries to explore whether prosecuting human rights violations can decrease repression. We find that human rights prosecutions after transition lead to improvements in human rights protection, and that human rights prosecutions have a deterrence impact beyond the confines of the single country. We also explore the mechanisms through which prosecutions lead to improvements in human rights. We argue that impact of prosecutions is the result of both normative pressures and material punishment and provide support for this argument with a comparison of the impact of prosecutions and truth commissions, which do not involve material punishment.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2478.2010.00621.x
Copyright Statement Copyright 2010 International Studies Association. Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. The definitive version is available at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/
Volume 54
Issue Number 4
Page from 939
Page to 963
ISSN 0020-8833
Date Accessioned 2010-11-30
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Governance and Public Policy; Griffith Asia Institute
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject International Relations
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/35696
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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