Development, reliability, and validity of an urban trail use survey

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Title Development, reliability, and validity of an urban trail use survey
Author Spruijt-Metz, Donna; Wolch, Jennifer; Jerrett, Michael; Byrne, Jason Antony; Hsieh, Stephanie; Myles, Ranelle; Wang, Lili; Chou, Chih-Ping; Reynolds, Kim D.
Journal Name American Journal of Health Promotion
Editor Michael P. O'Donnell
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher Allen Press Publishing services
Abstract Purpose. To evaluate the psychometric characteristics of the Research on Urban Trail Environments (ROUTES) Trail Use Questionnaire. Design. Test-retest reliability was assessed by repeated measures (study 1); validity was assessed by comparing reported trail use to self-reported and objectively measured physical activity (PA) levels (study 2). Setting. Study 1: a religious institution situated near a Los Angeles trail. Study 2: 1-mile buffer zones surrounding three urban trails (Chicago, Dallas, and Los Angeles). Subjects. Thirty-four adults between 40 and 60 years of age (10 men and 24 women) completed the ROUTES questionnaire twice (study 1). Study 2 participants were 490 adults (48% female and 73% white), mean age 48 years. Measures. Trail use for recreation and transportation purposes, time and distance spent on trails, and characteristics of the trail and other trail users. PA was measured using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and accelerometry. Analyses. Pearson correlation coefficients and κ statistics were used for test-retest reliability for continuous and categorical variables, respectively. Generalized linear models were used to evaluate hypotheses on PA comparing trail users and nonusers. Results. Test-retest statistics were acceptable (κ = .57, r = .66). Validity was supported by correlations between indices of trail use with self-reported PA and accelerometry, and significant group differences between trail users and nonusers in PA levels. Conclusions. The ROUTES Trail Use Questionnaire demonstrated good reliability and validity.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.4278/ajhp.071105119
Copyright Statement Self-archiving of the author-manuscript version is not yet supported by this journal. Please refer to the journal link for access to the definitive, published version or contact the authors for more information.
Volume 25
Issue Number 1
Page from 2
Page to 11
ISSN 0890-1171
Date Accessioned 2010-09-29
Date Available 2011-02-02T06:56:05Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Environmental Futures Research Institute; Urban Research Program
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Health Promotion; Land Use and Environmental Planning; Recreation, Leisure and Tourism Geography
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/35947
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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