Ecotourism and sea turtle harvesting in a fishing village of Bahia, Brazil

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Title Ecotourism and sea turtle harvesting in a fishing village of Bahia, Brazil
Author Pegas, Fernanda de Vasconcellos; Stronza, Amanda
Journal Name Conservation and Society
Year Published 2010
Place of publication India
Publisher Medknow Publications And Media Pvt. Ltd.
Abstract Many environmentalists believe ecotourism has the potential to generate net benefits for people and nature. For more than two decades, the Brazilian Sea Turtle Conservation Program (TAMAR) has provided jobs and income through ecotourism in Praia do Forte, Brazil, in exchange for reduced harvesting of sea turtles. In this article we evaluate the relationships between ecotourism at TAMAR and local support for sea turtle conservation. Nine months of ethnographic research (2006-2008) suggest that ecotourism-related employment and income have been somewhat stable and reliable. The average income of respondents who worked with TAMAR was lower than that reported by people not working with TAMAR. Workers noted other non-economic benefits. Though the majority supported sea turtle conservation, it is unclear how feelings will waver with new mass tourism developments in the region. As the cost of living increases, residents may increasingly be inclined to look for work outside TAMAR. Development also attracts new immigrants, making it difficult for locals to control sea turtle harvesting. These trends challenge the notion that economic incentives for locals alone will ensure conservation. Further research is needed to understand the conditions under which ecotourism may foster long-term conservation in the face of larger developments surrounding community ecotourism projects.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.4103/0972-4923.62676
Copyright Statement Copyright remains with the authors 2010. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. For information about this journal please refer to the journal's website or contact the authors.
Volume 8
Issue Number 1
Page from 15
Page to 25
ISSN 0972-4923
Date Accessioned 2011-01-25
Date Available 2011-07-20T07:06:16Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre International Centre for Ecotourism Research
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Conservation and Biodiversity
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/36062
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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