Relationships between anopheline mosquitoes and topography in West Timor and Java, Indonesia

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Title Relationships between anopheline mosquitoes and topography in West Timor and Java, Indonesia
Author Ndoen, Ermi Marten Luther; Wild, Clyde Hamilton; Dale, Patricia Ellen; Sipe, Neil Gavin; Dale, Michael Bodley
Journal Name Malaria Journal
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher BioMed Central Ltd.
Abstract Background: Malaria is a serious health issue in Indonesia. Mosquito control is one aspect of an integrated malaria management programme. To focus resources on priority areas, information is needed about the vectors and their habitats. This research aimed to identify the relationship between anopheline mosquitoes and topography in West Timor and Java. Methods: Study areas were selected in three topographic types in West Timor and Java. These were: coastal plain, hilly (rice field) and highland. Adult mosquitoes were captured landing on humans identified to species level and counted. Results: Eleven species were recorded, four of which were significant for malaria transmission: Anopheles aconitus, Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles subpictus and Anopheles sundaicus. Each species occupied different topographies, but only five were significantly associated: Anopheles annularis, Anopheles vagus and Anopheles subpictus (Java only) with hilly rice fields; Anopheles barbirostris, Anopheles maculatus and Anopheles subpictus (West Timor only) with coastal areas. Conclusion: Information on significant malaria vectors associated with specific topography is useful for planning the mosquito control aspect of malaria management.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
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Copyright Statement Copyright 2010 Ndoen et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Volume 9
Page from 1
Page to 9
ISSN 1475-2875
Date Accessioned 2010-12-09
Language en_AU
Research Centre Environmental Futures Research Institute; Menzies Health Institute Qld; Urban Research Program
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Ecology; Landscape Ecology
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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