Gender, General Strain Theory, Negative Emotions, and Disordered Eating

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Title Gender, General Strain Theory, Negative Emotions, and Disordered Eating
Author Piquero, Nicole Leeper; Fox, Kristan; Piquero, Alex R.; Capowich, George; Mazerolle, Paul Joseph
Journal Name Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Year Published 2010
Place of publication United States
Publisher Springer
Abstract Much of the prior work on General Strain Theory (GST) has focused on how strain and negative emotions interrelate to produce criminal—especially violent— activity. Very little research has extended GST to examine other types of non-criminal, negative behavior, such as self-harming behaviors associated with disordered eating, a traditionally female-specific self-directed outcome. Using a sample of 338 young adults (54% female, 95% white), this article applies GST to disordered eating by examining how strain and negative emotions relate to this particular outcome across gender. Findings indicate that two types of strain measures predict depressive symptoms among males and females, that inequitable strainful experiences relate to disordered eating among females but not males, that depressive symptoms but not anger increase disordered eating for both males and females, and that membership in Greek organizations (sororities or fraternities) is associated with disordered eating but only for males. Implications for theory and directions for future research are highlighted.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI
Volume 39
Issue Number 4
Page from 380
Page to 392
ISSN 0047-2891
Date Accessioned 2011-01-07
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject Psychology
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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