What is the role of impression management in adolescent cigarette smoking?

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Title What is the role of impression management in adolescent cigarette smoking?
Author O'Callaghan, Frances Veronica; Doyle, Justin
Journal Name Journal of Substance Abuse
Year Published 2001
Place of publication UK
Publisher Elsevier Science
Abstract Purpose: This study examined the role of impression management in cigarette smoking by linking the constructs of self-monitoring, perceived success in impression management, self-esteem and social anxiety among nonsmokers (NS), occasional smokers (OS), and frequent smokers (FS). Methods: High school students (N=243) in years 8–12 completed a questionnaire assessing the abovementioned variables. Multivariate discriminant function analysis and a priori contrasts were used to analyze the data. Results: In comparison to OS, FS and NS had the lowest levels of self-monitoring, perceived success in impression management and self-esteem, while having the highest levels of social anxiety. Implications: Cigarette use may serve an impression management function during adolescence and subsequently influences OS' level of smoking. Intervention programs need to give greater consideration to providing adolescents with alternative strategies for both social acceptance and the acquisition and maintenance of self-esteem.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0899-3289(01)00089-X
Volume 13
Page from 459
Page to 470
ISSN 0899-3289
Date Accessioned 2002-04-15
Date Available 2015-05-06T03:05:54Z
Language en_US
Research Centre Menzies Health Institute Qld; Behavioural Basis of Health
Subject PRE2009-Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/3768
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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