Has Globalisation Changed National Suicide Rates?

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Title Has Globalisation Changed National Suicide Rates?
Author Milner, Allison Joy; De Leo, Diego; McClure, R.
Publication Title 4th Asia Pacific Regional Conference of the International Association for Suicide Prevention
Editor International Association for Suicide Prevention
Year Published 2010
Publisher International Association for Suicide Prevention
Abstract Globalisation is an expansive process, capable of changing social, economic, political, and cultural structures. The large-scale transformations involved globalisation have been noted as influencing a wide range of human illnesses and causes of death. The aims of this study were to examine whether globalisation has an influence on male and female suicide rates, as measured across time and between countries. A globalisation ‘index’ was developed to measure the level of globalisation in 35 countries from the year 1980 onwards. Time-series cross-country data (from 1980 onwards) was used to estimate the relationship between globalisation, ecological risk and protective factors, and age-standardised suicide rates in 35 countries. Data was obtained from the WHO Statistical Information System, the United Nations Data Service (UN Data), the World Development, Indicators (WDI), the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization Institute for Statistics (UNESCO), and the International Labour Organization (ILO). Results of a fixed-effect regression analysis found that globalisation was directly related to male suicide rates, but had no significant effect on female suicide rates. The widespread changes associated with globalisation may have unsettled societies around the world by altering economic, social, and cultural regulatory mechanisms. The loss of these protective influences may increase the risk of suicide by creating a sense of insecurity, uncertainty, and ‘anomie’. It appears that men are more affected by the societal changes associated with the globalisation process than women. These findings suggest that global social processes need to be included in population-level strategies for suicide prevention.
Peer Reviewed No
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.iasp.info/congresses.php
Copyright Statement Copyright remains with the authors 2010. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. For information about this conference please refer to the conference’s website or contact the authors.
Conference name 4th Asia Pacific Regional Conference of the International Association for Suicide Prevention
Location Brisbane
Date From 2010-12-17
Date To 2011-01-20
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/39043
Date Accessioned 2011-03-28
Language en_US
Research Centre Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Mental Health; Public Health and Health Services
Publication Type Conference Publications (Extract Paper)
Publication Type Code e3

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