Effects of Geometric Isomerism and Anions on the Kinetics and Mechanism of the Stepwise Formation of Long-Range DNA Interstrand Cross-Links by Dinuclear Platinum Antitumor Complexes

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Title Effects of Geometric Isomerism and Anions on the Kinetics and Mechanism of the Stepwise Formation of Long-Range DNA Interstrand Cross-Links by Dinuclear Platinum Antitumor Complexes
Author Zhang, Junyong; Thomas, Donald S.; Berners-Price, Sue; Farrell, Nicholas
Journal Name Chemistry : a European journal
Year Published 2008
Place of publication Germany
Publisher Wiley - VCH
Abstract Reported herein is a detailed study of the kinetics and mechanism of formation of a 1,4-GG interstrand cross-link by the dinuclear platinum anticancer compound [15N][{cis-PtCl(NH3)2}2{μ-NH2(CH2)6NH2}]2+ (1,1/c,c (1)). The reaction of [15N]1 with 5′-{d(ATATGTACATAT)2} (I) has been studied by [1H,15N] HSQC NMR spectroscopy in the presence of different concentrations of phosphate. In contrast with the geometric trans isomer (1,1/t,t), there was no evidence for an electrostatic preassociation of 1,1/c,c with the polyanionic DNA surface, and the pseudo-first-order rate constant for the aquation of [15N]1 was actually slightly higher (rather than lower) than that in the absence of DNA. When phosphate is absent, the overall rate of formation of the cross-link is quite similar for the two geometric isomers, occurring slightly faster for 1,1/t,t. A major difference in the DNA binding pathways is the observation of phosphate-bound intermediates only in the case of 1,1/c,c. 15 mM phosphate causes a dramatic slowing in the overall rate of formation of DNA interstrand cross-links due to both the slow formation and slow closure of the phosphate-bound monofunctional adduct. A comparison of the molecular models of the bifunctional adducts of the two isomers shows that helical distortion is minimal and globally the structures of the 1,4 interstrand cross-links are quite similar. The effect of carrier ligand was investigated by similar studies of the ethylenediamine derivative [15N]1-en. A pKa value of 5.43 was determined for the [15N]1,1/c,c-en diaquated species. The rate of reaction of [15N]1-en with duplex I is similar to that of 1,1/c,c and the overall conformation of the final adduct appears to be similar. The significance of these results to the development of “second-generation” polynuclear platinum clinical candidates based on the 1,1/c,c chelate (dach) series is discussed.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/chem.200800408
Volume 14
Issue Number 21
Page from 6391
Page to 6405
ISSN 0947-6539
Date Accessioned 2011-07-15
Language en_AU
Research Centre Institute for Glycomics
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Inorganic Chemistry
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/39940
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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