Mode Monitoring and Call-Outs: An Eye-Tracking Study of Two-Crew Automated Flight Deck Operations

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Title Mode Monitoring and Call-Outs: An Eye-Tracking Study of Two-Crew Automated Flight Deck Operations
Author Björklund, Caroline M.; Alfredson, Jens; Dekker, Sidney
Journal Name The International Journal of Aviation Psychology
Year Published 2006
Place of publication United States
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract Mode awareness has been suggested as a critical factor in safe operations of automated aircraft. This study investigated mode awareness by measuring eye point of gaze of both pilots during simulated commercial flights, while recording call-outs and tracking aircraft performance. The results of this study show that the compliance to manufacturer or air carrier procedures regarding mode monitoring and call-outs was very low. However, this did not seem to have a negative effect on the flight path or safety during our observations. Crews exhibited a proliferation of strategies to keep track of status and behavior of the automation, often with little reliance on the flight mode annunciations of the primary flight display. The data confirm the limitations of current flight mode annunciator designs, and suggest that mode awareness is a more complex phenomenon than what can be captured by measuring eye point of gaze and communication alone.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1207/s15327108ijap1603_2
Copyright Statement Copyright 2006 Taylor & Francis. This is an electronic version of an article published in The International Journal of Aviation Psychology, Vol.16(3), 2006, pp.263-275. The International Journal of Aviation Psychology is available online at: http://www.informaworld.com with the open URL of your article.
Volume 16
Issue Number 3
Page from 263
Page to 275
ISSN 1050-8414
Date Accessioned 2011-03-09
Language en_AU
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject Cognitive Science
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/40981
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1x

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