Dusk to dawn activity patterns of anopheline mosquitoes in West Timor and Java, Indonesia

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Title Dusk to dawn activity patterns of anopheline mosquitoes in West Timor and Java, Indonesia
Author Ndoen, Ermi Marten Luther; Wild, Clyde Hamilton; Dale, Patricia Ellen; Sipe, Neil Gavin; Dale, Michael Bodley
Journal Name Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Year Published 2011
Place of publication Thailand
Publisher Southeast Asian Ministers of Education Organisation
Abstract Malaria is a serious health issue in Indonesia. We investigated the dusk to dawn anopheline mosquito activity patterns, host-seeking and resting locations in coastal plain, hilly and highland areas in West Timor and Java. Adult mosquitoes were captured landing on humans or resting in houses or animal barns. Data analyzed were: mosquito night-time activities; period of peak activity; night-time activity in specific periods of time and for mosquito resting locations. Eleven species were recorded; data were sparse for some species therefore detailed analyses were performed for four species only. In Java Anopheles vagus was common, with a bimodal pattern of high activity. In West Timor, its activity peaked around midnight. Other species with peak activity around the middle of the night were An. barbirostris and An. subpictus. Most species showed no biting and resting preference for indoors or outdoors, although An. barbirostris preferred indoors in West Timor, but outdoors in Java. An. aconitus and An. annularis preferred resting in human dwellings; An. subpictus and An. vagus preferred resting in animal barns. An. barbirostris preferred resting in human dwellings in West Timor and in animal barns in Java. We conclude that the information is useful for planning the mosquito control aspect of malaria management. For example, where mosquito species have peak activity at night indoors, bednets and indoor residual spraying should reduce malaria risk, but where mosquitoes are most active outdoors, other options may be more effective.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.tm.mahidol.ac.th/seameo/journal-42-3-2011.html
Copyright Statement Copyright remains with the authors 2011. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 42
Issue Number 3
Page from 550
Page to 561
ISSN 0125-1562
Date Accessioned 2011-06-16
Language en_AU
Research Centre Environmental Futures Research Institute; Menzies Health Institute Qld; Urban Research Program
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Wildlife and Habitat Management
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/41044
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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