Oil Import Diversification in Northeast Asia: A Comparison Between China and Japan

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Title Oil Import Diversification in Northeast Asia: A Comparison Between China and Japan
Author Vivoda, Vlado; Manicom, James
Journal Name Journal of East Asian Studies
Year Published 2011
Place of publication United States
Publisher Lynne Rienner Publishers
Abstract In this article, we explore why oil import patterns differ between states with a view to understanding the relationship between agent-based explanations such as strategy and structural explanations—for example, geography. We compare degree of diversification between China and Japan in an effort to explore the relationship between agency and structure in the formation of energy security policy. The China-Japan comparison is contextualized with reference to the baseline case of the United States, a well-diversified importer. We employ the Shannon-Wiener index of diversity to assess the extent of oil import diversification, and temporal changes in diversification for China, Japan, and the United States. A key finding is that China’s statist approach has allowed it to diversify its sources of imported oil more quickly than Japan’s hybrid approach. In fact, since becoming a net oil importer in 1993, China’s sources of imported oil have diversified quite rapidly. Japan’s overreliance on the Middle East for much of its imported oil has been endemic since 1973.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://journals.rienner.com/doi/abs/10.5555/1598-2408-11.2.223
Copyright Statement Copyright 2011 Lynne Rienner Publishers. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 11
Issue Number 2
Page from 223
Page to 254
ISSN 1598-2408
Date Accessioned 2011-07-06
Language en_US
Research Centre Griffith Asia Institute
Faculty Griffith Business School
Subject International Relations
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/41582
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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