Towards determining absolute velocity of freestyle swimming using 3-axis accelerometers

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Title Towards determining absolute velocity of freestyle swimming using 3-axis accelerometers
Author Stamm, Andy; Thiel, David Victor; Burkett, Brendan; James, Daniel Arthur
Journal Name Procedia Engineering
Editor Subic, Fuss, Alam & Clifton
Year Published 2011
Place of publication Netherlands
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Investigating the performance of an athlete and monitoring them is important to athletes and coaches. Coaches are not always on side when athletes doing their training, so a device which is small and easy to use will increase the monitored training sessions significantly and allow the athlete to compare multiple training sessions. In this research a small, portable inertial sensor platform was used to investigate the movement of swimmers and was set to record data at 100 Hz. The experiment was undertaken in an indoor pool with the sensor attached to the swimmer's sacrum, a velocity meter (Speed Probe 5000 – SP5000) attached to the swimmers suit with a video camera capturing the swimmer over the whole lap. The SP5000 measures the velocity directly and provides a synchronised video with the gathered velocity data. This system was used as main reference as it is already proven as a robust method and provides data files which can be directly imported into Matlab. The swimmer was asked to push-off with both feet against the wall and perform one freestyle stroke lap, which was repeated at different speeds. The timing parameters of the lap (i.e. start time, end time, stroke frequency) can be identified from the acceleration data. The acceleration data was then passed through a 0.5 Hz low pass filter to gain the sensor orientation, which was then removed for further processing. The velocity profile was calculated using the acceleration in swimming direction (ay) and the total acceleration (atot). The mean velocity from the SP5000 was 0.964 ± 0.086 m/s whereby the mean velocity derived from the accelerometer was 1.331 ± 0.207 m/s and 0.944 ± 0.119 m/s for ay and atot respectively. This research has shown that velocity information can be derived from acceleration data but there is still a difference in comparison to the SP5000 velocity. Future work needs to find a better approach in removing the sensor orientation.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.05.061
Copyright Statement Copyright 2011 Elsevier. This is the author-manuscript version of this paper. Reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 13
Page from 120
Page to 125
ISSN 1877-7058
Date Accessioned 2011-10-25
Language en_US
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Biomedical Instrumentation
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/42578
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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