Safety Climate Improvement: Case Study in a Chinese Construction Company

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Title Safety Climate Improvement: Case Study in a Chinese Construction Company
Author Zhou, Quan; Fang, Dongping; Mohamed, Sherif Ali Mohtady
Journal Name Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
Editor Jesus M. de la Garza
Year Published 2011
Place of publication United States
Publisher American Society of Civil Engineers
Abstract A positive safety climate can improve employees’ safety awareness and reduce workers’ unsafe behaviors. Having consistent key factors that comprise safety climate is paramount in facilitating the measurement and comparison of safety climate over time which helps identify effective approaches to improve safety performance. This paper examines the consistency of safety climate factor structure and safety climate improvements over time in a Chinese construction company. It adopts a case study approach and reports on using the same safety climate instrument to carry out two surveys, three years apart. The exploratory factor analysis showed that the obtained four-factor structure of safety climate remained consistent across the two surveys. Moreover, the confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the second-order factor of safety climate was unchanged. Statistically significant improvements were also found on all four identified factors. The governmental or organizational strategies and/or tactics that could stimulate positive improvements on safety climate factors (referred to as stimulators hereinafter) were then identified via interviews with safety management officers in the company. The most effective stimulators were found to include constituting the safety regulations and safety rules, as well as increasing the intensity of safety training and safety promotion. Implications on the consistent factor structure of safety climate and the stimulators are also discussed.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)CO.1943-7862.0000241
Volume 137
Issue Number 1
Page from 86
Page to 95
ISSN 0733-9364
Date Accessioned 2012-01-11; 2012-02-15T04:41:56Z
Date Available 2012-02-15T04:41:56Z
Faculty Faculty of Science, Environment, Engineering and Technology
Subject Building Construction Management and Project Planning
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/42662
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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