Education and Experience Make a Difference: Results of a Predictor Study

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Title Education and Experience Make a Difference: Results of a Predictor Study
Author Gillespie, Brigid Mary; Chaboyer, Wendy; Wallis, Marianne; Werder, Helen
Journal Name AORN Journal
Year Published 2011
Place of publication USA
Publisher Elsevier
Abstract Growing evidence demonstrates the link between the quality of care nurses provide, patient outcomes, and nurses' level of qualification and expertise. Little attention has been given to measuring the influence of experience and education on nurses' perceptions of their perioperative competence. To describe the influence of years of OR experience and specialty education on nurses' perioperative competence, we surveyed 345 perioperative nurses from two Australian hospitals. We developed the 98-item survey to specifically measure perioperative competence across eight domains that reflect knowledge, skills, and attitudes. We used multiple regression to analyze the data. There were differences in nurses' perceived perioperative competence based on perioperative experience and education, with more experienced nurses and those with specialty education reporting higher competence scores. Multiple regression analysis showed that experience and specialty education contributed to 23.3% of the variance in nurses' perception of their perioperative competence. Education initiatives are commonly used to address knowledge and attitudinal deficits; however, the results of this study suggest that education may only partly address these shortfalls. Hospital education programs should include staff development strategies associated with succession planning. Strategies that build on perioperative nurses' clinical experience and expertise will provide them with opportunities to develop skills in coordination and clinical leadership. Importantly, education occurs in a context and thus is embedded in clinical practice.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.aorn.2010.11.037
Volume 94
Issue Number 1
Page from 78
Page to 90
ISSN 0001-2092
Date Accessioned 2012-02-17; 2012-03-01T22:10:41Z
Date Available 2012-03-01T22:10:41Z
Research Centre Griffith Health Institute; Centre for Health Practice Innovation
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Nursing
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/43209
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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