Points of Convergence and Divergence: Normative, Institutional and Operational Relationships between R2P and PoC

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Title Points of Convergence and Divergence: Normative, Institutional and Operational Relationships between R2P and PoC
Author Breakey, Hugh Edmond; Francis, Angus
Journal Name Security Challenges
Editor Stephan Fruhling and Benjamin Schreer
Year Published 2011
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Kokoda Foundation
Abstract As an international norm, the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) has gained substantial influence and institutional presence—and created no small controversy—in the ten years since its first conceptualisation. Conversely, the Protection of Civilians in Armed Conflict (PoC) has a longer pedigree and enjoys a less contested reputation. Yet UN Security Council action in Libya in 2011 has thrown into sharp relief the relationship between the two. UN Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973 follow exactly the process envisaged by R2P in response to imminent atrocity crimes, yet the operative paragraphs of the resolutions themselves invoke only PoC. This article argues that, while the agendas of PoC and R2P converge with respect to Security Council action in cases like Libya, outside this narrow context it is important to keep the two norms distinct. Peacekeepers, humanitarian actors, international lawyers, individual states and regional organisations are required to act differently with respect to the separate agendas and contexts covered by R2P and PoC. While overlap between the two does occur in highly visible cases like Libya, neither R2P nor PoC collapses normatively, institutionally or operationally into the other.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.securitychallenges.org.au/index.html
Copyright Statement Copyright 2011 Kokoda Foundation. The attached file is reproduced here in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. Please refer to the journal's website for access to the definitive, published version.
Volume 7
Issue Number 4
Page from 39
Page to 50
ISSN 1833-1459
Date Accessioned 2012-02-23; 2012-03-12T05:35:38Z
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject International Relations
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/43556
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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