An intelligence assessment framework for identifying individuals at risk of committing acts of violent extremism against the West

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Title An intelligence assessment framework for identifying individuals at risk of committing acts of violent extremism against the West
Author Kebbell, Mark Rhys; Porter, Louise Elizabeth
Journal Name Security Journal
Year Published 2012
Place of publication United Kingdom
Publisher Palgrave Macmillan
Abstract This article aims to review the potential of a risk assessment model for the purpose of counter-terrorism intelligence gathering, and discuss potential factors. First the literature on offender profi ling is reviewed and applied to Islamist violent extremism. The difficulty of applying this approach to general offending is noted, particularly with regard to predictive accuracy and the fact that infl uential situational factors are often unknown. Next, risk assessment ' models ' for identifying risk in general offenders are outlined and applied to violent extremism. There is not sufficient evidence to create a risk assessment model to predict who is intending to commit violent extremism and distinguish them from those who are not. However, from a review of the available literature, a number of factors, mainly attitudinal, appear to be associated with increased risk of violent extremism including beliefs by violent extremists that they are retaliating, that potential victims are less than human, and that their actions are religiously justifi ed. In addition, violent extremists isolate themselves from positive infl uences, have a capability for violence and typically access violent materials. Factors are outlined in turn and discussed in light of how this information might be usefully applied within an intelligence-led counter-terrorism context and the associated limitations.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1057/sj.2011.19
Volume 25
Issue Number 3
Page from 212
Page to 228
ISSN 1743-4645
Date Accessioned 2012-01-17
Date Available 2014-08-28T05:07:43Z
Language en_US
Research Centre ARC Centre of Excellence in Policing and Security
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject Causes and Prevention of Crime; Forensic Psychology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/44141
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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