Factors Associated with the Guardianship of Places: Assessing the Relative Importance of the Spatio-Physical and Sociodemographic Contexts in Generating Opportunities for Capable Guardianship

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Title Factors Associated with the Guardianship of Places: Assessing the Relative Importance of the Spatio-Physical and Sociodemographic Contexts in Generating Opportunities for Capable Guardianship
Author Reynald, Danielle
Journal Name Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency
Year Published 2011
Place of publication United States
Publisher Sage Publications
Abstract Routine activity theory can be applied to places in which a motivated offender encounters a suitable target that is not effectively guarded. The focus of this article was on the third aspect of this theory as the explanatory power of guardianship was examined and compared to other related contextual factors in explaining criminal victimization at micro-places. This empirical study used an observational measure of guardianship in action in residential places by observing household occupancy, monitoring by residents, and direct intervention during the daytime and nighttime. The results demonstrated the significant role of active guardianship compared to other spatio-physical and sociodemographic factors in explaining the amount of property crime recorded at the street segment level. This article is concluded by highlighting the ways in which these contextual factors help generate opportunities for capable guardianship, while simultaneously blocking opportunities for property crime.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0022427810384138
Volume 48
Issue Number 1
Page from 110
Page to 142
ISSN 0022-4278
Date Accessioned 2012-03-19; 2012-04-09T23:21:34Z
Date Available 2012-04-09T23:21:34Z
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Arts, Education and Law
Subject Criminology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/44324
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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