Promoting reflection in mental health nursing practice: A case illustration using problem-based learning

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Title Promoting reflection in mental health nursing practice: A case illustration using problem-based learning
Author Cooke, Marie Louise; Matarasso, Beth Jane
Journal Name International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
Editor Brenda Happell
Year Published 2005
Place of publication Australia
Publisher Blackwell Publishing Asia
Abstract Reflective practice in nursing has been shown to improve both client care and nurses role satisfaction. Students require regular and guided opportunities to learn the necessary reflective skills that underpin best practice. Problem-based learning (PBL) processes based on comprehensive learning packages developed from actual clinical cases provide a contextualized and realistic means for students to develop and hone their reflective skills for use as mental health practitioners. This paper uses a case illustration to demonstrate the usefulness of PBL as a mechanism for developing reflective practice in the mental health context. Students analysed five cases drawn from actual documented clinical materials that included nursing, medical and allied health professionals' assessments, treatment regimes, and progress notes. One student's written analysis of the five cases and an interview with the student is presented as a case illustration. The case illustrates the student's reflections on the theme of 'hope' for the clients and identified three obstacles. These were: (i) a lack of acknowledgement by health professionals of traumatic life events; (ii) overlooking less tangible losses; and (iii) a central focus on drug treatment. Reflective learning strategies can be incorporated in on- and off-campus learning environments and used to assist the learner to practise critical reflective skills in a controlled and safe manner. Reflective processes are more meaningful if the PBL package that students encounter represents real clinical scenarios with comprehensive resource materials.
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
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Copyright Statement Copyright 2005 Blackwell Publishing. The definitive version is available at []
Volume 14
Page from 243
Page to 248
ISSN 1445-8330
Date Accessioned 2006-01-17
Language en_AU
Research Centre Centre for Health Practice Innovation; Menzies Health Institute Qld
Faculty Griffith Health Faculty
Subject Mental Health Nursing; Teacher Education: Nursing and Health
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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