Making licensed venues safer for patrons: what environmental factors should be the focus of interventions?

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Title Making licensed venues safer for patrons: what environmental factors should be the focus of interventions?
Author Homel, Ross; Carvolth, Russell; Hauritz, Marge; McIlwain, Gillian Barbara; Teague, Rosie
Journal Name Drug and Alcohol Review
Editor John Saunders
Year Published 2004
Place of publication Sydney
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Abstract The Queensland Safety Action Projects operationalized a problem-focused responsive regulatory model in order to make nightclubs and other venues safer. A problem-focused approach requires a careful analysis of the total environment of licensed venues, including drinking and its controls but also the social and physical environments, patron mix and management practices. We present new analyses of observational data collected in 1994 and 1996 in the north Queensland cities of Cairns, Townsville and Mackay. Major reductions in aggression and violence were observed, as well as improvements in many aspects of the venue environment and management practices. We do not argue in this paper that the interventions caused the environmental and management changes, although we believe this to be true. Rather, our assumption is that whatever caused them, some of the environmental and management changes were critical to the reductions in aggression. Regression techniques were used to identify those factors that best explained the declines in aggression. For reduced physical violence four key predictors were identified: improved comfort, availability of public transport, less overt sexual activity and fewer highly drunk men. For reduced non-physical aggression, four key predictors were: fewer Pacific Islander patrons, less male swearing, fewer intoxicated patrons requiring that management be called and more chairs with armrests. The analyses are consistent with the argument that the control of drinking is necessary but not sufficient to reduce aggression and violence. [Homel R, Carvolth R, Hauritz M, McIlwain G, Teague R. Making licensed venues safer for patrons: what environmental factors should be the focus of interventions?
Peer Reviewed Yes
Published Yes
Publisher URI http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/title~db=all~content=t713412284
Alternative URI http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09595230410001645529
Volume 23
Page from 19
Page to 29
ISSN 0959-5236
Date Accessioned 2005-03-30
Date Available 2009-12-07T03:33:05Z
Language en_AU
Research Centre Key Centre for Ethics, Law, Justice and Governance
Faculty Faculty of Arts
Subject PRE2009-Criminology; PRE2009-Epidemiology
URI http://hdl.handle.net/10072/5005
Publication Type Journal Articles (Refereed Article)
Publication Type Code c1

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